British Railways Mk1 coaches

When British Railways came into being upon nationalisation of the four main line companies, the Great Western, Southern, London & North Eastern and London Midland & Scottish Railways, in 1948, they inherited a very mixed bag of rolling stock, much of it suffering from a severe lack of maintenance: a result of six years of World War, which had finished only three years before.

Thus, there was an immediate need for a fast replacement of this worn out and ageing fleet. Out of this situation was the Mk 1, a remarkable feat of design and engineering, made more notable by the background of post-war austerity and the major upheaval in the railway industry at the time in which it was developed.

Likened to the Land Rover and the Vickers Viscount, both design classics conceived at a similar time, thousands of Mk 1s in their wide range of guises were constructed during the 1950s and 1960s.

This outstanding example of British railway design even outlived the steam locomotives built by BR to haul them, with some examples surviving into the 21st century.

SO – Open Second

TSO – Tourist Open Second

CK – Corridor Composite

BSK – Corridor Brake Second

RU – Restaurant Unclassified

BS – Brake Second